Mano Dura (Iron Fist) and the Ley Antimaras (Anti-Gang Law). Honduras. Social violence, (in)security, and security policies in Honduras and Central. America. Con la aprobación de la Ley Antimaras se sanciona con una pena de un fuerte lo que llevaba el Estado de Honduras, por lo que empezaron. cargo de las Fuerzas. Armadas. Reforma constitucional. Nueva Ley. Orgánica de la. Policía. Ley anti-maras. Reforma del. Código Penal. Crisis y reorganización.

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El Salvador and Guatemala established a High-Level Security Group in August to improve information exchange and implement joint programs in their fight against transnational organised crime.

We have all known cases of decapitations, mutilations, satanic acts and dismembering committed against minors, old people and defenseless women. Images of tattooed faces of mareros members of a mara were both part of the backdrop and were shown during the speech of the president Cruz Prosecutors often manipulated or over-interpreted existing legal norms in order to be able to justify the detentions — a commonly used charge was drug possession for personal consumption Berlin et al.

But ,ey emblematic crime of the maras is inherently micro-territorial. Ad hoc negotiations and transactions with gangs responsible for extortion are not uncommon anti,aras the Northern Triangle, and have generated insights into how the maras may be edged toward hondhras economic activity. The national police has purged its ranks, which were hondurs with corruption.

More specifically, the mass media played a significant role in three ways: Although operations may be becoming more technical and efficient, there is no evidence of maras becoming higher level criminal organisations in the league of other transnational cartels.

Case studies Text Notes.


4. Case studies

While the interim government was in antimaaras, homicide and abduction rates increased Ibid.: Hide Footnote Peace Accords were signed inbut not before hundreds of thousands had left to neighbouring countries and the U.

Another alternative is to use existing market-based processes to integrate former gang members into productive activity, as has occurred in some instances. Mijango was detained for almost a month, and seventeen others accused of crimes such as illicit association and trafficking of prohibited objects within prisons.

But the public and political responses to them, rooted in stigmatisation of the poor and a blind faith in the effects of tough security measures, have worsened violence and levels of social animosity. Hide Footnote Honduras joined the regional effort by proposing a tri-national task force against organised crime that was launched in November in Nueva Ocotepeque, a Honduran town near the tripartite border.

By Augustthe number of people killed in confrontations between police and street gangs had already surpassed the figure for all of Plan Escoba that specifically targeted youth gangs, the maras are currently not at the forefront of security matters as the focus instead lies on fighting organized crime and the drug trade. See also, Painter Mass deportation from the U. FamilyFriends and Violence Cambridge,p. However, the government measures towards the maras are not consistent in either direction Peetz In terms of their rebel aesthetics, criminal brutality and intricate inner workings, the two main maras stand out as a challenge to civic life and a threat to peace across the region.

The international community has praised the holistic nature of the plan, but warned against its complexity and the difficulties of implementing it.

“Ley antimaras” debía ser derogada tras sentencia de CorteIDH pero al contrario será endurecida

An example of one new rehabilitation measure is a planned pilot business park — scheduled to open in early – that would employ young offenders The Economist Additional funding is available from the Plan for hondurad Alliance for Prosperity, an initiative launched in with the aim of stemming migration to the north by addressing security and development concerns.

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Hide Footnote Leaders had agreed to abstain from killing members of other gangs in exchange for better jail conditions. Hide Footnote Meanwhile, the justice and security minister, honvuras security cabinet and the sub-cabinet for violence prevention seek to implement different parts of various public policies.

Graduate Institute Publications, Inthe same poll found For more information, see http: Faith-based organisations are well-positioned to assist as they enjoy public trust, while religious conversion has become an accepted reason for gang members to calmarse — mara lexicon for ceasing gang activities.

In Guatemala, rebels took up arms against the military regimes that followed the Antimars. In the longer term, defusing gang violence will depend on implementation of various overlapping policy innovations, several of hondufas are suggested below. A total of transportation workers were killed between and in El Salvador.

The political elite, as well as governmental and public institutions e. In the Salvadoran case, this question is particularly interesting and challenging to answer when considering the electoral context of the gang suppression see Section 4.

Furthermore, during the implementation period of the repressive plans, operations were filmed on site and afterwards hnduras on prime-time television, with thousands of dollars were spent on the publication of numbers Cruz