(i) The Dhammasangani contains detailed enumeration of all phenomena. Dhammasangani is the title given to the first book of the Abhidhamma Pitaka. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we . The English edition of the Pali text, prepared for the Pali Text Society by Professor . No one acquainted with those books, and with the Dhamma- Sangani, will.

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On the Commentaries and the Importance of the Atthasalini p. On the Method and Argument of the Manual p. On the Chief Subject of Inquiry — Dhamma p. Good in relation to the Universe of Form rupavacara- kusalam The Stations of Mastery p. The Three First Deliver- ances p.

The Four Jhanas of the Sublime Abodes p. The Jhana of Foul Things p. Good in relation to the Universe of the Formless arupSva- cara-kusala m. The Four Jhanas connected with Form- less Existence c a 1 1 a r i arupaj jhanani Thought engaged upon the Higher Ideal lokuttaram cittam I. The Second Path p.

The Fourth Path p. On Effect, or Result v i p a k o A. Categories of Duammasangani under Triple Aspects. Categories of Form under Fourfold Aspects. PACK 76 82 98 Category of Form under a Sixfold Aspect Category of Form under a Sevenfold Aspect.

Category of Form under an Eightfold Aspect Category of Form under a Ninefold Aspect Category of Form under a Tenfold Aspect Category of Form under an Elevenfold Aspect The Group of Triplets t i k a m The Group on Cause hetu-gocchakam The Short Intermediate Set of Pairs c u 1 a n t a r a – d uk am The Group of the Floods ogha – goechakam The Group of the Bonds yoga -goechakam The Group of the Hindrances nl varan a- goechakam The Group on Contagion par a mas a- goc ch aka in The Group on Grasping upadana-gocchakam The Group on the Corruptions kilesa-gocchaka ni.

On the term Uncompounded Element asankhata dhatu Indexes If the tombs of Egypt or the ruins of Greece itself were to give up, among their dead that are now and again being restored to us, a copy of some manual with which the young Socrates was put through the mill of current academic doctrine, the discovery would be hailed, especially by scholars of historical insight, as a contribution of peculiar interest.


The contents would no doubt yield no new matter of philosophic tradition. But they would certainly teach something respecting such points as pre- Aristotelian logical methods, and the procedure followed in one or more schools for rendering students conversant with the concepts in psychology, ethics and metaphysic accepted or debated by the culture of the age.

Readers whose sympathies are not confined to the shores of the Mediterranean and iEgean seas will feel a stir of interest, similar in kind if fainter in degree, on becoming more closely acquainted with the Buddhist text -book entitled Dhamma-Sangani.

Muller, and published fifteen years ago, has so far failed to elicit any critical discussion among Pali scholars. A cursory inspection may have revealed little but what seemed dry, prolix and sterile. Even a superficial inspection of the Manual should yield great promise to anyone interested in the history of psychology. When upwards of six years ago my attention was first drawn to it, and the desirability of a translation pointed out by Professor Rhys Davids, I was at once attracted by the amount of psychological material embedded in its pages.

Buddhist philosophy is ethical first and last.

Full text of “Dhammasangani”

This is beyond dispute. But among ethical systems there is a world of difference in the degree of importance attached to the psychological prolegomena of ethics. In ethical problems we are on a basis of psychology, depending for our material largely upon the psychology of conation or will, 2 with its co-efficients of feeling and intelligence.

And in the history of human ideas, in so far as it clusters about those problems, we find this dependence either made prominent or slurred over. But the Buddhists were, in a way, more advanced in the 1 H. Rejecting the assumption of a psyche and of its higher manifestations or nofis, they were content to resolve the dhammassngani of the Ethical Man, as they found it, into a complex continuum of subjective phenomena.

They analyzed this continuum, as we might, exposing it, as it were, by transverse section. But their treatment was genetic. And on the results englksh, that psychological analysis it sought to base the dha,masangani rationale of its practical doctrine and discipline. From studying the processes of attention, and the nature of sensation, the range and depth of feeling and the plasticity of the will in desire and in control, it organized its system of personal self-culture.

England has not yet got so far. Is it too much to hope that, when such a work is put forth, the dhamnasangani labour of a wider and juster initiative will have been undertaken, and the develop- ment of early psychological thought in the East have been assigned its due place in this branch of historical research? The Date of the Manual.

We can fortunately fix the date of the Dhamma- San- gani within a limit that, for dhammadangani Indian book, may be considered narrow. Its aim is to systematize or formulate certain doctrines, or at dhammasangni to enumerate and define a number of scattered terms or categories of terms, occurring in the great books of dialogues and sundry discourse entitled dhamnasangani Nikayas of the Sutta Pitaka.

The whole point of view, psychological and philosophical, adopted in them is, in our Manual, taken for granted. The technical terms used in them are used in it as if its hearers, subse- quently its readers, would at once recognise fhammasangani. No one acquainted with those books, and with the Dhamma- Sangani, will hesitate in placing the latter, in point of time, after the Nikayas.


dhammwsangani On the other hand, the kind of questions raised in our Manual are on a different plane altogether from those raised in the third book in the Abhidhamma Pitaka, viz.

It remains altogether, or almost alto- gether, at the old standpoint of the Nikayas as regards 1 AtthasalinI, p. The Katha Vatthu raises new questions belonging to a later stage in the engpish of the faith. If we date it half-way between the two, that is, during the first third of the dhamkasangani century b.

But I am disposed to thiijk that the interval between the completion of the Nikayas and the compilation of the Dhamma-Sangani is less than that between the latter work and the Katha Vatthu ; and that our manual should therefore be dated rather at the middle than at the end of the fourth century b. However that may be, it is important for the historian of psychology to remember that the ennglish it systematizes are, of course, older. Practically all of them go back to the time of the Buddha himself.

Some of them are older still. The history of the text of our Manual belongs to that of the canonical texts taken collectively.

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There are, however, two interesting references to it, apart from the general narrative, in the Maha Vansa, which show, at least, that the Dhamma-Sangani was by no means laid on the shelf among later Dhammasangami. Nothing, unfortunately, is now known, so far 1 Mah.

On the Commentaries and the Importance of the A tthasdlim. It will be seen from Appendix I. It is, perhaps, not surprising that so much of this kind of material has survived within the four corners of the Pitakas. We have the Old Commentary embedded in the Vinaya, and the Parivara added as a sort of supple- mentary examination paper to it. Then there is the Niddesa, a whole book of commentary, on texts now included in the Sutta Nipata, and there are passages clearly of a commentarial nature scattered through the Nikayas.

Lastly, there is the interesting fragment of commentary tacked on to the Dhamma-Sangani itself below, p. As these older incorporated commentaries are varied both in form and in method, it is evident that commentary of different kinds had a very early beginning. And the probability is very great dhammwsangani the tradition is not so far wrong, when it tells us that commentaries on all the principal canonical books were handed down in schools of the Order abng with the texts themselves.

This is not to maintain that all of the Commentaries were so handed down in all the schools, nor that each of them was exactly the same in each of the schools where it was taught. But wherever Commentaries were so handed down, tradition tells us that they were compiled, and subse- quently written, in ejglish dialect of the district where the school was situated. From two places, one in India and the other in Ceylon, we have works purporting to give in Pali the substance of such ancient traditional comment as had englisy handed down in the local vernacular.

The Maha Vansa, indeed, saya p.