In ‘Anatomy of the Revolution,’ historian Crane Brinton investigates the similarities and differences between four historical revolutions. In this. Crane Brinton’s famous Anatomy of Revolution marks a watershed in the study American students of revolution; and it suggests a new research agenda for the. The definitive, hugely influential comparative history of the English, American, French and Russian revolutions from a renowned American scholar. “Classic”.

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Brinton sees no victory of extremists over moderates in America Power then has a tendency “to go from Right to Center to Left” p. The book has been called “classic, [1] “famous” and a “watershed in the study of revolution”, [2] and has been influential enough to have inspired advice given to US President Jimmy Carter by his National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski during the Iranian Revolution.

Crane Brinton, The Anatomy of Revolution – PhilPapers

Only oc of Brinton’s theory fit the American example. The revolutions’ enemies and supporters disagree over whether plots and manipulation by revolutionists, or the corruption and tyranny of the old regime are responsible for the old regime’s fall. The Anatomy of Revolution.

Geography and the Revolution in Laos. Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy xnatomy Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy.

At some point in these revolutions, the “process of transfer of power from Right to Left ceases”, and groups even more radical than those in power are suppressed p.

Financial problems play an important role, as “three of our four revolutions started among people who objected to certain taxes, who organized to protest them Symptoms can take several different forms: Sidney Tarrow – – Theory and Society 37 rbinton The revolution destroys wicked people and harmful and useless institutions” The group which dominates these first stages we call the moderates In Russia, the Bolsheviks brought industrialization, and eventually the Sputnik space satellite p.


The Anatomy of Revolution is a book by Crane Brinton outlining the “uniformities” of four major political revolutions: Sign in Create an account.

The radical reign of terror, or “crisis” period, is fairly soon replaced by Thermidor period, a period of relaxation from revolutionary policies or “convalescence” from the “fever” of radicalism. The revolutions being bdinton first produce a “legal” moderate government. Revelation by Quest Rather Than by Revolution.

These include problems functioning—”government deficits, more than usual complaints over taxation, conspicuous governmental favoring of one set of economic interests over another, administrative entanglements and confusions”. In England the “Presbyterian moderates in Parliament” were rivals of anatomh illegal government of the extremist Independents in the New Model Army” p.

Find it on Scholar. The last symptom does not fit the American example very well. Also gone was non-decimal coinage unsuited “for long division” p. In this respect, a revolution is not a positive phenomena, it is something to be avoided and cured, when and if, it occurs.

The Anatomy of Revolution – Wikipedia

Brinton sees the American Revolution as a territorial-nationalist one, in which the aim of the revolutionaries was not to overturn the existing “social and economic system, but rather to set the English North American colonies up as an independent nation-state” Confiscated lands stayed in the hands of the new owners for the most part, redistributing land to many “small independent peasants” in France p. In his book, Crane Brinton uses the American Revolution as one of his examples.

This article has no associated abstract. Attempts at establishing new religions and personal habits come to naught. The exception is the American Revolution, which “does not quite follow this pattern” p. In each revolution a short “honeymoon” period follows the fall of the old regime, lasting until the “contradictory elements” among the victorious revolutionaries assert themselves p.

The blood of the martyrs seems hardly necessary to establish decimal coinage” p. There was “no class ground down with poverty” 31 but the “economic stresses and strains” 31 contributed to a feeling that prevailing conditions limited and hardened the colonists’ economic activity These attempts seldom make a significant impact as the revolutionaries “are usually too poor, and too occupied at home” p.


Crane Brinton’s Theory Of Revolution

Then the fever breaks, Thermidor occurs and the revolution is over. In contrast to the moderates, the radicals are aided by a fanatical devotion to their cause, discipline and off recent revolutions a study of technique of revolutionary action, obedience to their leadership, ability to ignore contradictions between their rhetoric and action, and drive boldly ahead p.

Enough of them match his definition and his stages of this phenomena that one must agree that the American Revolution was a true Revolution. All this sounds very like the original Thermidor to Brinton. There are also social problems, such as the feeling by some that careers are not “open to talents”, and economic power is separated from political power and social distinction.

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Weights and measure “that varied from region to region, indeed from town to town” were replaced with the metric system. In short, “the ruling class becomes politically inept” p. However, other scholars may not agree.

The Anatomy of Revolution

On taking power the radicals rule through dictatorship and anattomy centralization”. In Russia, the moderate provisional government of the Duma clashed with the radical Bolsheviks whose illegal government was a “network of soviets” p. No keywords specified fix it. Revolution in Social and Political Philosophy. These revolutionists have hitherto been acting as an organized and nearly unanimous group, but with the attainment of power it is clear that they are not united.

It vies with a more radical “illegal” government in a process known as ” dual power “, or as Brinton prefers to call it “dual sovereignty”.

In France in the “king didn’t really try” to subdue riots effectively. Pages to import images to Wikidata.