Automated image analysis software for assessing banding or orientation of Microstructures in dual phase steel. For Annual Book of ASTM approved in Last previous edition approved in as E – 01(). Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s . ASTM E_ – Designation: E – 01 Standard Practice for Assessing the Degree of Bandin.

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The appearance of the orientation or banding is awtm by processing factors such as the solidication rate, the extent of segregation, the degree of hot or cold working, the nature of the deformation process used, the heat treatments, and so forth.

A If possible, etch the specimens so that like phase or constituent boundaries are not revealed, only unlike boundaries. Hardenability studies have demonstrated this relationship for fully martensitic microstructures in steels rapidly quenched from the prescribed austenitizing temperatures.

ASTM E (Reapproved ) Ferrite Banding Standard – PDF Free Download

P’ PL’ 5 L t 3 where: As the degree of orientation or banding increases, the anisotropy index increases above one. Both the matrix and the segregates must be fully martensitic except for normal minor amounts of retained austenite and in the as-quenched condition.

These conversions are for Knoop loads of gf or greater. Precision and Bias This practice covers procedures to describe the appearance of banded structures, procedures for characterizing the extent of banding, and a microindentation hardness procedure for determining the difference in hardness between bands in heat treated specimens. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. Thus, there is a narrow range of uncertainty in predicting the carbon content, particularly for carbon contents of 0.


The magnication must be high enough to permit accurate counting of feature interceptions or phase boundary intersections. Calculation of Results For a two-phase structure, count all of the interceptions of the phase of interest, that is, those that are clearly part of the bands and those that are not. The relative accuracy of test measurements parallel to the hotworking axis is nearly always poorer than for measurements perpendicular to the deformation direction, as demonstrated by the test data in Annex A1.

Do not count phase or constituent boundaries between like particles, grains, or patches. The microindentation hardness method may be used for such structures. NOTE 2—Measurements made on the carbides.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be asstm every ve years and if not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn.

Sco Scope pe 1. Tangent hits are counted as one half an interception. Because the degree of banding or orientation may vary through the product cross section, the test plane should sample the entire cross section. Calculate the number of feature interceptions per unit length perpendicular to the deformation axis, N L’, in accordance with: Alternatively, both phases may be aligned with neither appearing as a matrix phase.

ASTM E 1268 2001(Reapproved 2016) Ferrite Banding Standard

The number and location of such test specimens should be dened by axtm agreement. Stereological methods are not suitable for measuring individual features, instead use standard measurement procedures to define the feature size. If both phases or constituents are banded, with no obvious matrix phase, choose one of the phases constituents for counting. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the banding or alignment characteristic at specic locations.


The load is adjusted so that the indent can be kept completely within the bands. For P intersections, do not count phase or constituent boundaries between like particles, grains, etc. Sampling and Test Specimens 7. If the entire test line lies completely within the phase or feature of interest this can occur for parallel counts of a highly banded materialcount N as 12 and P as 0. Originally published as E astn Hardenability studies have demonstrated this relationship for fully martensitic microstructures in steels rapidly quenched from the prescribed austenitizing temperatures.

N’ NL’ 5 L t 1 with the sample length in the longitudinal direction at least 10 mm 0. The deformation axis in each microstructure shown is horizontal.

Each microstructure has been qualitatively described in accordance with the scheme outlined in Fig. The grid was alternately aligned perpendicular and parallel to the deformation axis at various locations over the prints, selected at random with as little bias as possible.

ASTM E1268 – 01(2016)

Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination e12688 the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility. If the product form is too large to permit preparation of full cross sections, the samples prepared at the desired locations should have a minimum polished surface area of mm2 0.

Measurements are made with the test lines parallel and perpendicular to the deformation direction.