Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Arrian’s Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander’s adult life. Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus’s voyage. Links to translation of Arrian: Anabasis, by E. Iliff Robson.
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Arrian – Livius
Alexander had already made an attack upon the mountain which the Pisidians were occupying, advancing up the most abrupt part of the ascent, when the barbarians from an ambuscade attacked him on both wings, in a place where it was very easy for themselves to advance, but where the route was very diflScult for their enemy.
Parthica, in seventeen books.
Some statements made by other writers I have incorporated in my narrative, because they seemed to me worthy of mention and not altogether improbable ; but I have given them ahabasis as reports of Alexander’s proceedings.
Both these numbers are inaccurate. Before the arrival of Alexander, he had succeeded in checking the advance of Parmenio and Callas.
Porus obstructs Alexander’s Passage. Description of Darius’s Army at Arbela. Current location in naabasis text. My theory of the duty of a Translator is, to give the ipsissima verba of his Author as nearly as possible, and not put into his mouth words which he never used, under the mistaken notion of improving his diction or his way of stating his case.
But Aristobulus says that he pulled out the pin of the wagon- pole, which was a wooden peg driven right through it, holding the cord together. Note 1, for Diod. In his youth he was placed under the tuition of Aristotle, who acquired very great mfluence over his mind and character, and retained it until his pupil was spoiled by his un- paralleled successes. But if the south wind prevails it is impossible to journey along the beach. Voyage down the Hydaspes into the Acesines.
Wherefore he returned without accomplishing any of the plans for which he had set out, and devoted himself once more to the siege of Halicarnassus. Prom the Persians there was a terrible discharge of darts ; but the Macedonians fought with spears.
The ships of the foreigners were about in number. Much anaabsis and other material has also been gathered from Herodotus, Strabo, Pliny, and Ammianus; and the allusions to the places which are also mentioned in the Old Testament are given from the Hebrew.
Alexander’s Stratagem to get across. March through the Desert of Gadrosia.
The Anabasis of Alexander by Arrian
Note 3, for Diod. Different authors have given different accounts of Alexander’s life; and there is no one about whom more have written, or more at variance with each other. He advised them to advance and destroy the fodder, by trampling it down under their horses’ hoofs, to burn the crops of the country, and not even to spare the very cities. AfterArrian left his office and settled in Athens, where he became an honorary citizen.
Alexander as we know him was, until recently, very much a creation by Arrian. In the prologue, Arrian explains why:. Just as the historians of Alexander afBrmed that iixe sea near Pamphylia providientially made way for him, so the people of Thapsaous, when they saw the army of Cyrus cross the Euphrates on foot, said that the river made way for him to come and take the sceptre Xen.
Accordingly, many were there captured and killed, as were many also in the disorderly and panic-stricken retreat which ensued.
For the king was already near, leading with him the right wing. It was at once evident to the king that the physician was acting honourably in giving the medicine, for he was not alarmed at the letter, but only so much the more exhorted the king to obey all the other prescriptions which he might give, promising that his life would be saved if he obeyed his instructions.
But Langarus, king of the Agrianians, who, in the lifetime of Philip, had been an open and avowed friend of Alexander, and had gone on an embassy to him in his private capacity, at that time also came to him with the finest and best armed of the- shield-bearing troops, which he kept as a body-guard.
It is possible aarrian Arrian’s remark is a quotation from a remark by Ptolemy himself. Another quality is that he knows what he is writing about. March through Gadrosia XXV. Tactics of the Opposing Generals