Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Subclass: Asteridae. Order: Rubiales. Family: Rubiaceae. Genus: Anthocephalus. Species: chinensis. Notes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION A medium sized to tall deciduous tree reaching a height of m, and a trunk diameter up to cm. It has a slightly. Family: Rubiaceae Anthocephalus chinensis. Genus: Anthocephalus Species: chinensis. Origin: India Common name: ‘Kadam’ in India, Bur.

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Neolamarckia cadambawith English common names burflower-treelaranand Leichhardt pine[2] and called kadam [2] chinehsis, is an evergreentropical tree native anthoceephalus South and Southeast Asia. The genus name honours French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. It has scented orange flowers in dense globe-shaped clusters.

The flowers are used in perfumes. The tree is grown as an ornamental plant and for timber and paper-making. Kadam features in Indian religions and mythologies. It is a large tree with a broad crown and straight cylindrical bole.

It is quick growing, with broad spreading branches and grows rapidly in the first 6—8 years. Flowering usually begins when the tree is 4—5 years old.

Kadam flowers are sweetly fragrant, red to orange in colour, occurring in dense, globular heads of approximately 5. The fruit of N. On maturing, the fruit splits apart, athocephalus the seeds, which are then dispersed by wind or chinsnsis. The larvae of the commander Moduza procrisa brush-footed butterflyconsume this species.

The flowers attract pollinators. The botanical name of this species has been the subject of a long chinesis debate, beginning in the s. The problem arose because scientific names are based on type specimens.

In Jean-Baptiste Lamarck described a specimen under the name Cephalanthus chinensisstating that it came from Madagascar. InAchille Richard created the name Anthocephalus indicusstating that the species came from Asia and that his description was based on the same specimen as Lamarck’s Cephalanthus chinensis. The issue is whether Richard was indeed using the same specimen as Lamarck; the geographical origin is said to be different, and the descriptions do not match; for example in Lamarck’s Cephalanthus chinensis the inflorescences anyhocephalus axillary whereas in Fhinensis Anthocephalus they are terminal.

If specimens were the same, then Anthocephalus is a synonym of the Madagascan Cephalanthus and cannot be a generic name for the Asian kadam tree. If they were different chinenis spite of Richard’s claim that they were the same then Anthocephalus could be a generic name for the antthocephalus tree. Based on the latter view, the name Anthocephalus chinensis has been widely used for the kadam tree.

The current view taken by most cjinensis sources is that Richard’s Anthocephalus indicus or Anthocephalus chinensis is a synonym of Cephalanthus chinensis now transferred to the genus Breonia as Breonia chinensis Lam. Capuronand that the widespread use of Anthocephalus chinensis for the kadam tree is an error. This anthoephalus sense of the scientific name is shown by writing A. Given that Richard’s name for the kadam tree is incorrect, the earliest name is William Roxburgh ‘s Nauclea cadamba.


InJean Marie Bosser created the new generic name Neolamarckiahonouring Lamarck, for the Asian genus which matched Richard’s description of his Anthocephalustransferring Nauclea cadamba as Neolamarckia cadamba Roxb. The fruit and inflorescences are reportedly edible by humans. The fresh leaves are fed to cattle. The timber is used for plywood, light construction, pulp and paper, boxes and crates, dug-out canoes, and furniture components.

Kadamba yields a pulp of satisfactory brightness and performance as a hand sheet. The wood can be easily impregnated with synthetic resins to increase its density and compressive strength. It is easy to work, with hand and machine tools, cuts cleanly, gives a very good surface and is easy to nail. The timber air dries rapidly with little or no degrade.

Kadamba wood is very easy to preserve using either open tank or pressure-vacuum systems. Kadamba is one of the most frequently planted trees in the tropics. The tree is grown along avenues, roadsides and villages for shade. Kadamba are suitable for reforestation anthocephalua. It sheds large amounts of leaf and non-leaf litter which on decomposition improves some anthocephaluw and chemical properties of soil under its canopy. This reflects an increase in the level of soil organic carbon, cation-exchange capacityavailable plant nutrients and exchangeable bases.

A yellow dye is obtained from the root bark. An extract of the leaves serves as a mouth gargle. The leaf extract has recently been used to produce silver nanoparticles for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy.

The kadamba flower was the emblem of Athmallik Stateone of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The kadamba lends its name to the Kadamba Dynasty that ruled from Banavasi in what is now the state of Karnataka from CE to CE, as per Talagunda inscription of c. According to tradition the 27 nakshatrasconstituting 12 Houses Rasis and nine planetsare specifically represented precisely by 27 trees —one for each star. The kadamba tree is said to represent Shatabhisharoughly corresponding antjocephalus Aquarii.

Kadamba is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana. Radha and Krishna are supposed to have conducted their love play in the hospitable and sweet-scented shade of the kadamba tree. He was in the form of a spear under a kadamba tree.

An episode from the life of Krishna narrates of when he stole anthocephalu garments of gopis when they were bathing in a pond near Vrindavan. Varunathe sea-god, had forbidden nude bathing in rivers, ponds and other public places, but gopis often resorted to it. One day, to teach them a lesson, Krishna reached the bank of the pond where they were taking a bath and took away their garments and spread them on the branches of nearby kadamba tree.

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He himself climbed the tree and hid there behind a branch. After the chinenssis had bathed, they looked for their garments but found them missing. Suddenly their attention was drawn to the nearby kadamba tree by the stirring of its branches. When they looked up, they saw Krishna hiding there and their garments scattered all over the branches of the tree. Krishna insisted that they come out naked to receive their garments. This episode is portrayed in song, story, painting and artifacts, in the backdrop of the kadamba tree.

Karam-Kadamba is a popular harvest festival, anthocepnalus on the eleventh lunar day of the month Bhadra.

A twig of the tree is brought and worshipped in the courtyard of the house. Later in the day, young ears of grain are distributed among friends and relatives. This festive custom has qnthocephalus adopted by the Tulu people. Onam Kerala and Huttari Kodagu are regional variants of this festival. The kadamba tree is also associated with a tree deity called Kadambariyamman. In Theravada Buddhismthe kadamba tree was where Sumedha Chinnsis achieved enlightenment.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Economic Importance of Anthocephalus chinensis

Close-up of flower Scientific classification Kingdom: Gita Govinda by Jayadeva. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Bosque Estatal de Toro Negro. Archived at the Wayback Machine. Hojas de Nuestro Ambiente. Retrieved 13 September Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden.

A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. Cited in Razafimandimbison Cobden-Ramsay, Feudatory States of Orissa: Bengal District Gazetteersp. Retrieved 22 May The Hindu, Friday, January 20, Firewalking Sanskara Temple dance. Neolamarckia cadamba Plant Anthocephzlus Retrieved chknensis ” https: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms.

Plant Description

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. This page was last edited on 12 October fhinensis, at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Tree in KolkataWest BengalIndia. Li Anthocephalus morindifolius Korth. Moore Neonauclea megaphylla S. Moore Samama cadamba Roxb.

Kuntze Sarcocephalus cadamba Roxb. Wikispecies has information related to Neolamarckia cadamba. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Neolamarckia cadamba.